Chemotherapy and its role in cancer treatment

Chemotherapy and its role in cancer treatment
May 08 06:18 2019 by admin Print This Article

What is chemotherapy?

It is the use of drugs to treat any disease. It is used most often to treat cancer.

There are three main goals for chemotherapy in cancer treatment:-

Cure – Used to kill cells in affected area

Control – Used to control the spread of the cancer by shrinking the tumour or preventing it from growing further.

Palliation – Used to ease the symptoms of cancer.

Use of chemotherapy drugs

Use of a single chemotherapy drug when:-

  • Tumour is small
  • Limited to a specific area

Use of a combination of drugs

  • When tumour is large
  • When it is widespread
  • Has spread to other parts of body
  • Cancer cells get immune to single drug

Deciding on the best kind of chemotherapy

The schedule and dosage will depend on:-

  • The type of cancer
  • What stage it is in
  • Age
  • Other medical issues
  • Body’s response

Chemotherapy in combination with other treatment

Chemotherapy is often used in combination with:-

  • Immunotherapy
  • Gene therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery

How is chemotherapy administered?

There are several ways in which it can be administered.

  • Intravenous (through a vein)
  • Oral (through the mouth as tablets)
  • Intrathecal (through the spine)
  • Intra-arterial (through a main artery)
  • Intracavitary (through abdomen or chest)
  • Intramuscular (through muscle tissue)
  • Intralesional (straight into the tumour)
  • Intravesical (into the bladder)
  • Topical (on the skin)
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  1. Latka Luthra
    March 10, 00:17 #1 Latka Luthra

    Thank you for offering such detailed info…

    Reply to this comment
  2. Cancer Treatment Hospital In Hyderabad
    March 23, 11:37 #2 Cancer Treatment Hospital In Hyderabad

    Thanks for sharing such informative post. I’ve learned a lot by going through it. Looking forward to see more of such informative posts from you.

    Reply to this comment

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